you can always stay in the fairway and hit every green, all you
need is the Simplified Base Swing and
your putter. Unfortunately, that never happens to us
amateurs. Therefore we need a variety of shots to
deal with the aftermath of our misses. Instead of using
different techniques for different shots, letís
make it simple by reusing what we already know.
Flop, Bunker, and
simplest way to chip is to forget that you are chipping.
Just pretend you are putting. Here is how to
your putting grip and grip the chipping club the same length
as you would gripping your
a narrow and slightly open stance with the majority of your
weight on your front foot (your
still parallel to the target line)
the ball back in your stance
for your landing spot
You will be surprised by how easy it is to make solid contact this
way. Remember the speed practice
youíve done for your putting? Itís completely applicable
here. If you use the length of your back stroke to
control the distance of your putts, do the same here.
All the other good habits that youíve developed for
your putting carry over as well. E.g. keep your head steady,
donít follow the ball with your eyes.
Practice with at least two clubs. One that rolls the ball
the same distance as it flies. The second one (a
less lofted club) that rolls twice the distance. Whenever
possible, minimize the air time and maximize
the ground time. E.g. if you are 12 yards from the hole and
the fringe is 3 yards away from you, use the
club that will let you land on a spot 4 yards from you (1 yard
into the green) and roll the remaining 8 yards
instead of flying 6 yards and roll another 6. As you get
proficient with the two clubs, you can add
additional clubs into your repertoire. E.g. a club
that will roll the ball 3 times longer than it flies, or a
hybrid to get out of longer rough.
There is a reason we donít show any picture or video here.
Putting is very individualized. There is no
Ďrightí or Ďbestí way to putt. Whatever mechanics that gets
the ball in the hole is the best one for you. In
general, a good putting stroke gives you good control of speed and
direction. If it works well on putting, it
will work well on chipping for you too.
you get within 60 yards or so and your most lofted club will send
the ball too far, you need to hit
half shots. Pelz has an elaborate system that involves 4
wedges, 3 different backswing length, and 12
combinations of distance. Itís excellent if you have the
time to practice. Unfortunately, most of us canít
afford the time. So letís simplify.
Essentially, we need shots that can get us to a pin 30, 40, 50,
and 60 yards away. If we are closer than
30, chipping is probably the best option. If we are further
than 60, itís likely that a normal swing with the
right wedge will get you there.
For 30 yards, the safest shot is a pitch and run. The ball
flies 2/3 of the way and roll about another 1/3.
(We will discuss the flop shot that flies all the way later in
case you have a hazard right before the
green.) For most people, the following works well:
a slightly open and narrower stance (some even like to have
their feet together)
the majority of your weight on the inside edge of your front
foot (since you are not hitting
with full power,
any weight shift is unnecessary and would only make solid
the Simplified Base Swing (i.e. arms connected, head
steady, rotate the left shoulder
toward the ball
and the other good stuff)
your back swing to where your left arm is around the 7:30
position (You need to calibrate
the length of
your backswing to your own spin, trajectory, and the
firmness of the course.)
forward using your core and donít actively flip your hands
(discussed in the Base Swing).
In fact, you
should feel like you are holding your wrist bend while
turning your body through the
on the images below to see the shot in slow motion.
the 40-yard pitch and run, do exactly the same as above but use a
sand wedge instead of the lob
For 50 yards, you have more room to fly and apply more spin so the
ball will stop on the green. Use the
lob wedge. Do the same as the 30-yard swing above with the
your back swing to where your left arm is around the 9:00
forget to keep your head steady and finish in balance.
you hit it too far, open the club face and stance a bit so the
ball goes higher, spins more, and lands
shorter. If you are not far enough, do the opposite.
Click on the images below to see slow motion video of the 50-yard
people consider the flop shot a low percentage shot and we donít
encounter situations that need it
that often. So why bother learning and practicing it?
Well, first itís not that hard to pull off if you already
can do the base swing. Secondly, and more importantly, the
exact same swing can be used to hit
bunker shots (which we will encounter on a regular basis) and to
get the ball out of tall thick rough. Here
is how to do it.
Follow everything in your 50-yard pitch shot with the adjustments
to open the club face first then grip the club instead of just
rotate your hands
the stance and the club face more (use 20-30 degrees as a
yourself so the club face points to the target
following are part of the Simplified Base Swing but they are worth
your left shoulder toward the ball during the backswing
you have an open stance, the club will naturally go back
shallower and come back
down from the
outside in, which is what you want.
your right arm connected with your core and right elbow in
front of you
flip your hands so the clubface remains open instead of
shut. If you do this correctly you
should feel the
bounce at the bottom of the clubhead hitting and gliding
through the ground.
can experiment with the openness of the clubface at address.
The more open it is the higher the
trajectory and the shorter the distance.
Click on the images below to see slow-motion video of the flop
is identical to the flop shot. Here are the adjustments to
deal with the sand:
your feet into the sand
the ball forward in your stance by about 2-3 inches
club will enter the sand at the middle of your stance.
Since the ball is moved forward,
it will come out
with a cushion of sand underneath it (roughly the size of a
slight right of your stance line. Since
the clubface never contacts the ball, the ball flies where
the sand goes.
Even with a wide open clubface, the ball wonít go as
far right as a flop shot. It
will only go
slightly right of your swing path.
of the clubs today have plenty of bounce even up to the 9-Iron
(like 5 degrees). When you
open the clubface, the effective bounce increases even more.
Feel free to use your other wedges and
short irons for longer distance.
If you donít have regularly access to a practice bunker, you can
still hone your bunker shot by hitting a lot
of flop shots. The beauty of our simplified system is that
they are mechanically the same. All you need
is occasionally go to a bunker to calibrate the distance and
Click on the images below to see slow-motion video of the bunker
your ball is sitting way down in a thick rough and you canít see
the side of the ball, there is not
much you can do. Use the bunker shot above to extract the
ball. Expect the ball to roll a lot since the
grass between the club face and the ball will take out most of the
If itís sitting up and you can see the back of the ball very well,
hit it like it is teed up with the Simplified
Base Swing. If there will be a little bit of grass between
the ball and the club face, watch out for a flyer
that will go longer than your normal distance.
people believe that the fairway bunker shot is the toughest shot
in golf. In reality, if you make the
right adjustments, itís not that difficult. Here is how:
one or two extra clubs
the ball back in your stance
your weight on the left foot
a smooth three quarter swing
helps quiet down your legs to ensure ball first contact.
The extra club will make up
for the lost
Golf is very psychological. If you believe the fairway
bunker shot is hard, it will become hard for you. If
you donít believe or, better yet, donít know it, there is not much
to it. Youíve been making contact with the
ball first and then the turf on all the regular iron shots.
If you can just account for the lack of traction due
to the sand (by digging in and restricting your leg movements),
you will be just fine.
have we simplified?
simplified many things for you by basing all the shots on the
Simplified Based Swing and your
putting stroke (both you need to practice and master anyway).
The different shots also build on top of
each other. If there is a path to avoid learning something
new, we took it. Remember UST 2: The fewer
the concerns of a swing, the simpler it gets.
We also worked hard to minimize the required adjustments for each
shot (UST 2 again). We further
simplify by pushing most of the adjustments to setup which happens
before the actual swing (UST 3).
E.g. Using different clubs to control the length of green side
bunker shots moves cognitive load (i.e.
distraction) and the corresponding adjustment to prior the swing.
All of these make the shots simpler to learn and execute.
Since practicing one shot aids the practice of
another, we reduced the practice time as well.
a bunch of other shots
are certainly other shots not covered above that you will
eventually encounter. E.g. hardpan,
restricted backswing, ball in divot, ball half emerged in water,
etc. The good news is that you wonít see
them very often (we hope). There is also likely an
easy (but chicken) way out that will cost an extra
stroke but not the big numbers. E.g. chip or even putt out
of a hardpan to the nearest fairway.
If you feel adventurous, you can also adapt the techniques
discussed above to handle new ones. E.g.
From a hardpan, one needs to pick the ball clean just like a
fairway bunker shot. Instead of reinventing
the wheel, take the fairway bunker technique and adapt it by not
digging your feet in and not choke up as
Remember to follow the principles established by the USTís to
simplify them so they are easier to pull
off. Go ahead, experiment and have fun!